Praying in the Islam
The importance of prayer in Islam is immediately obvious by the following facts. It was the first duty imposed by the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) to his followers. Prayer and almsgiving are very common and often mentioned together in the Quran. Prayer, when taken together with the charity is called, is always the first place. Prayer knows no differences in rank and position in color and origin. When believers pray to God they are all, without distinction. Prayer is not just a lip service, but requires absolute sincerity of the faithful, praise which a body, speech, soul and intelligence equally participate. Muslims pray five times a day at set times. Prayer is the daily work of a Muslim first and often the last. In this way the Muslim remembers God during all activities of the day, getting up early morning, before bed at night, while working on the middle day.
The first prayer is the morning prayer, al-Fajr, what prayer is the first between dawn and sunrise. The prayer consists of two mandatory parts (rak'aat, a rak'a is a bow) and two additional parts. The second prayer is the afternoon prayer of al-Zoehr. This takes place about fifteen minutes after the peak of the sun until the afternoon. It consists of four rak'aat and four sunnah rak'aat before and two sunnah after. The al-Asr or afternoon prayer is the third prayer. This prayer is from the latter part of the afternoon until half hour before sunset. It consists of four compulsory (fard) rak'aat. The prayer of sunset, al-maghrib, the fourth prayer. It takes place just after sunset until the red twilight disappears. It consists of three compulsory rak'aat and possibly two sunnah after. The last prayer is offered'Isha or night prayer. It consists of four rak'aat and possibly rak'aat. Witr can be performed after this.
Only a few times are forbidden to use for prayer. This is the time from sunrise to about forty minutes after. The time the Sun reaches its climax. And just before and during sunset. These times are not recommended because Muslims do not want to create the impression of fire / Sun-worshipping.
CleaningCleaning plays an important role in Islam and also in prayer. Prayer can only be performed in a state of purity, cleanliness which is accessible through a simple ritual washing. This washing is "wudu 'and consists of four compulsory parts. The wash from the hairline to below the chin and from ear to ear. The arms to the elbows wash. At least one fourth part of the main wet, with wet hands over them by ironing. The feet to the ankles wash. This washing is in principle sufficient to proceed to the prayer.
In some cases however there is a large ablution necessary, "ghusl". This washing is necessary after having sexual intercourse after ejaculation, after the end of menstruation and the bleeding after birth.
Furthermore, in some cases may be used by a cleaning pure earth, "tayammoem. This can be done when in an environment where no water is present for the 'wudu' or 'ghusl', where the water can cause disease when there is danger of an enemy, when the present is just sufficient water for consumption, or if there is another serious obstacle. As soon as there is water around, however, this form of ablution is invalid and should be again with water.
After the ablution will be a clean place to pray, with clean and sufficient covering clothing.
Various prayersBesides the above mentioned prayers, there are special prayers for special occasions. These are briefly discussed.
-The Witr Prayer, "Witr" means odd and it is recommended by the Prophet Mohammed (PBUH) to our nightly prayers to make odd.
-The Friday prayer. This prayer is performed weekly on Friday and consists of two 'rak'aat', it is preceded by a sermon and replaces the noon prayer. This prayer is a duty for men. Many people compare it Friday with the Sunday of the Christians and the Jews of Saturday, but Friday is no day of rest, although in many Islamic countries now have a free day for people who work in public.
-The 'tarawih' prayer, this is a prayer that is prayed during Ramadan after the evening prayer. It is not mandatory but very common. It can just as well in a mosque in a group to be prayers.
-The 'tahajjud'-prayer. "Tahajjud" literally means giving up sleep and also prayed at night when they slept, and sleep is then abandoned in order to pray. It is a voluntary prayer.
-The 'janazah'-prayer. This prayer is prayed for the death of every Muslim.
- "Isstikhara" prayer for guidance from God. When a Muslim wants to know whether a plan is correct or not, a prayer of two 'rak'aat, preferably before going to sleep.
-"Tasbieh'-prayer. The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) has said that this prayer this prayer gives you forgiveness for your sins first and last, major and minor errors, known and unknown faults, what you've done consciously and unconsciously.